Bamboos in pots are not impossible, as you can grow them with container gardens too. Read on for an entire explanation of how to do it.
Bamboos are perennial grass plants that grow quickly and lower maintenance. You can also find bamboo varieties with a rhizome in the garden with trailing vines to give you space for your house.
Containers are an excellent tool for tackling bamboo plants because they provide a means to control their fast-growing roots.
Choosing Types to Grow Bamboos in Pots
There are two major types of bamboo plants – running and clumping. The clumping type grows at a slower pace and a standstill when planted in pots. On the other hand, when planted outside, the running bamboos will quickly spread out if given enough space to grow freely.
It is important to know that bamboo growth patterns vary depending on the type of bamboo, meaning adding some water and fertilizer could lead to root-bound or exhausted plants. Monitoring your bamboos’ roots for signs of pest infestation and taking preventative measures by applying pesticide will protect your investment in time, effort, money, and patience.
The best bamboo varieties for growing in pots are Multiplex Hedge, Seabreeze, Buddha Belly, and Fargesia. It would be best to choose your pot variety based on sunlight exposure and shade of the specific day to get maximum benefits from bamboo plants.
When planting bamboos in pots, one thing to consider is whether the variety you are growing is cold-hardy enough for the location where it will be planted.
Choosing the Container
The size of your container is one important factor in whether bamboo will survive. It would help if you had a large pot with adequate drainage holes that measure at least 18-20 inches deep and wide. Knowing about bamboos’ growth patterns is crucial to planting them in a pot.
To plant bamboo in pots, I recommend you choose a pot that is at least as wide and deep as it is large. Cutting back on invasive bamboo regularly prevents it from spreading excessively.
Since bamboos can grow quite tall, it’s best to start with a larger pot when first planting. Keep in mind that you may eventually need to transfer it into another type of container or space, including the ground.
Given all this information, it is paramount that you consider the shape of your pot carefully as well. Do not use a narrow-topped vase, but one with a more rectangular opening at the top will be best for easy removal and preventing root damage.
You may also need to consider the weight. Choose a suitable container for your climate by looking at its transparency, whether it’s lightweight or double-walled, and whether it can withstand cold conditions. With these considerations in mind, you should better determine the perfect container for your bamboos.
Bamboos growing in pots can be planted using tubbed containers of metal, wood, or galvanized metal. The container’s purpose is to help the bamboo grow well through drainage and retaining soil.
The Importance of Soil
Planting bamboos in pots should use soil that can hold moisture and drain well. The most important features of the soil are drainage, stability for roots, and retaining nutrients.
Bamboo plants prefer moist soil because the most common killer in both containers and the ground is a soggy surface. Therefore, it’s important to consider drainage when planting your bamboo. You should pick a potting mix that retains water evenly so that the plant can thrive.
The soil that the bamboos are planted in should also be capable of retaining nutrients. It will allow the roots to absorb and spread to the entire body of the plant.
A good soil mix should include ingredients that promote the development of a strong system for the root. This will give it stability until inclement weather and keep its height steady.
Don’t use soil in the planter to fill it up. It will make the container heavier and watery, which is not safe for bamboos.
How to Water Bamboos in Pots
It is an important part of the job. Watering is crucial for any plant, and bamboo plants in pots are no exception. It would be best if you watered it twice a week to moisten the soil slightly.
To maintain the health of your bamboo plant when the weather is hot or dry, you should increase the frequency of watering. To check whether or not your bamboo needs water, poke your finger 2 inches deep in the soil. If it feels dry, it’s time for more water!
When the leaves on your bamboo in the pot are turned inward, that means it needs more water. Please make sure you always check them to know when they start to need freshness.
The Light Exposure
It is not impossible to grow bamboos in pots, even though they grow best when planted with the ground. Some varieties of bamboo that are commonly grown indoors or semi-outdoors, such as Thamnocalamus and sasa, will do better if you plan to plant them partly shaded during hot days.
If you are dealing with a giant bamboo in a pot, it needs about 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight. For bamboos that do well in the shade, choose the Silverstripe variety; this type does not mind full or partial shade. So when choosing light exposure for your plants based on their types, consider how they will fare in either condition.
The Steps of Planting Bamboos in Pots
To start your container, line the bottom with a shade cloth to keep the pot from becoming blocked. Use this as a barrier so that plants are not able to clog up the drain holes. Remove all other bamboo plants from their old pot, leaving them in a clean one, then fill it with soil.
Remove the bamboos in pots by gently lifting them from their first pot. If they are stuck, cut the container so that you can get to them and remove their roots. Gently detach feeder roots around the root ball surface and lift them out of the first pot into your second one.
Next, pour some potting soil mixture into the bottom of the new container. Fill it about one-third to one-half full with potting mix. Place the rooted bamboo plant inside that pot and set it on top of the partially filled potting soil mixture so that there are 1-2 inches between its roots and the rim of the planter.
Please navigate to the pot, and pour soil around the rootball of your bamboo until it reaches the top edge. Pack it down with your hands gradually as you go; this may need to be done over several steps until everything is compacted. Then water thoroughly once this is done and let any excess water flow out through gaps at its base.
Once you have added the potting mix to your container, we recommend watering it if there is less than an inch of soil in the container. Make sure all levels are even before doing this. For a smoother surface, add half an inch of sphagnum moss or beneficial wood chips on top for a sleek finish.
The Best Types for Bamboos in Pots
1. The Chinese Fountain Bamboo
Its Latin name, Fargesia nitida, knows this variety. This type of bamboo can reach from 3 to 4 meters high, and it’s called the blue fountain bamboo due to its flowing leaves. You will need a large and heavy container – like a planting pot – if you want to keep this tree upright.
One difference between this type of bamboo and others is that it forms umbrella-shaped canes. This variety is hardier than other kinds, with leaves that are a novelty to look at while the plant doesn’t outgrow its space in the pot.
When many canes are grown in one pot, they create a tall, durable umbrella of bamboo. It would be best to grow it in an area that offers shelter and is sheltered from strong winds.
To precondition your pot, you can add a balanced fertilizer into the soil each month in the growing season. The bamboo is relatively easy to find for sale online. Try Amazon and eBay for reasonable prices.
2. Golden Chinese Timber Bamboo
This variety of bamboo is designed to light up space in your outdoor area. Potted, it will make a perfect block for our purposes. A change in shape might be necessary depending on its final location.
One variety of bamboo has a distinct golden hue on its stems and leaves. The tree can reach heights up to 8 meters tall. These bamboos have green leaves adding balance and contrast throughout the plant.
Different varieties of bamboos offer diverse colors, shapes, and textures that work well in your design, whether inside or outside your home.
The whole tree is about 15cm wide, including the diameter (width) and height (length).
An elegant and majestic type of bamboo, you can plant it effectively. All they need is an appropriate container. They enjoy staying in sunny parts of your garden, making them ideal for a porch or patio.
3. Umbrella Bamboo
This hardy bamboo is also called Rufa and Fargesia murieliae. It will enjoy the partial shade, but it can survive some full protection when fully mature in the sun.
Bamboos grow well in any soil and pH levels, but it is best to use a good potting mix when growing them in containers. Mix potting soil with compost to give your bamboo plant a healthy place in the ground.
Instead of planting bamboo in a pot, you could also use large troughs to grow the plant successfully. Bamboo is great for hedges and screens in outdoor areas because it offers a pleasing uniqueness with its shrimp-pink canes when beginning growth which then changes into yellow canes with green leaves as it matures.
4. Black Bamboo
The bamboo Phyllostachys nigra, or Black Bamboo, is a stunning variety with black stems and green leaves. The dark color of the stem makes it look like plastic. It’s a separate type of plant for indoor decoration. People might think that this isn’t real because our country doesn’t have many plants in that unnatural color to see it easily.
The colorful, elongated canes of this bamboo variety are what attract people to it. The bamboo plant can grow to be over four meters tall, and large pots will be needed if you plan on getting one.
If you want an arrangement that will offer a fascinating contrast to your space, then black bamboo is a perfect choice. Plant it in the pot, and it can handle any soil. Black bamboo requires a combination of potting compost and soil improver when planted indoors.
Plant black bamboo in tight clusters in pots to maximize its visual appeal. Place the tree near a sheltered area since it cannot tolerate lots of sunlight. It can serve as an indoor plant for your home with little effort and maintenance needed.
5. Sinuate Bamboo
This type of plant is the spring beauty. Plant it in a container to grow bamboo stems that are 10cm thick and 4 meters high. Compared to other varieties, this one is smaller. At some point in its growth cycle, it will get a yellow-reddish maroon color.
There are two yellow culms and one bright, shiny green culm in the front of this container of bamboo. After flowering, you should cut these back to promote fresh growth. This plant is available at nurseries on eBay if you can’t find it locally.
This type of bamboo has a spreading and arching habit. The leaves may grow up to 15cm long and 2cm wide, with slightly wavy culms reaching 4 cm in diameter when mature. The green color is typically dotted with yellow or brown hues.
Gardeners often use this bamboo as a screening hedging plant, but its invasive nature can be problematic for certain spaces.
6. Narihira Bamboo
The largest variety of green temple bamboo can be controlled when it grows in containers. Containers offer an alternative to preventing constant trimming required for the growth of this type of bamboo.
Bamboo grown in containers can grow to up to four meters tall, while the real height is ten meters. Sunny and shaded conditions both produce a good-growing bamboo plant. Regular pruning is needed to promote new branches, trimming off excess ones as need be.
After reading our posts about planting bamboo in containers, you’ll be ready to grow your own bamboos. We’ve covered everything from identifying the best varieties to mixing up the soil and watering schedule.
You can even choose to plant bamboo based on its color that will match your style. Ready, let’s get started!